University of Twente Student Theses


Space, spatial planning and spatial qualities

Kombian, Biyeen (2011) Space, spatial planning and spatial qualities.

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Abstract:Anthropogenic activities have influenced the natural processes that form and shape the Earth deregulating them in the process. Climate change is currently one of the most pressing global issues directly related to disturbances of natural systems. Environmental problems are also linked to droughts, flooding, extreme weather conditions, ozone-layer depletion, loss of biodiversity, shortage of water and rising sea levels. Challenging local environmental problems have global impact with varying degrees of local severity such that local pollution of air, water and soil eventually leads to global pollution. There arises a scale problem where small spatial problems also have become global spatial problems. Spatial planning as the most explicit spatial policy tries to balance economic development and environmental protection. Spatial planning could be useful for steering the behaviour of individuals and firms in space to achieve sustainable development. Although it is generally appreciated that the notion of sustainability has implications for spatial planning, the relationships between the environment, economy and society is not clear from theoretical and practical perspectives of spatial planning. There seems to be a knowledge gap between social and natural science disciplines which has resulted in a profound and pervasive disarticulation of knowledge. And the various forms of specialized knowledge are not knit together holistically. For instance the natural scientists know little about what social scientists are doing. Sometimes an invention or discovery in one body of knowledge remains undisclosed to other intellectuals who sometimes rediscover it leading to duplication of efforts in human attempt to understand the world. A model of practical approach to theory and practice of spatial planning is proposed in this thesis – largely a literature study. A multi-disciplinary approach, spatial thinking, and spatial planning policy were employed to decipher concepts from different disciplines and especially when they are used in more than one discipline. Philosophy, Mathematics, Ecology, Natural Science, Geo-information Science, Environmental Economics, Economic theory, Economics of Public goods, Public Administration, and Law provided the theoretical foundations, historical and social context and scope. And the main concepts are space, governance, environment, land cover/land use, and public goods. The thesis analyzes spatial planning as the process of locating public goods in space. There are two types of public goods allocation in spatial planning: 1. The land based delivery of spatial goods (which are basically infrastructural development). 2. Spatial quality (which involves the negotiation of restriction on private land for the provision of public goods).
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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