University of Twente Student Theses


Risk factors of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) during pandemic COVID-19 in Dutch and Swedish representative samples

Shaliha, Irine Putri (2022) Risk factors of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) during pandemic COVID-19 in Dutch and Swedish representative samples.

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Abstract:Background. The loss of a loved one during the pandemic COVID-19 may lead to intense grief reactions which is named as Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD). Identifying grievers at risk of PGD during pandemic COVID-19 may allow for targeted prevention measures. The current study investigated the predictors of PGD based on sociodemographic and loss-related variables in two samples drawn from European Society of Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS) pan- European study. Methods. Participants in this study were 188 Dutch and 338 Swedish people who lost loved one during pandemic COVID-19. Because two different PGD instruments were used: TGISR+ in the Dutch sample and PG-13-R in the Swedish sample, we first had to test the two samples with measurement invariance (MI) to determine whether it was justified to combine these samples for testing risk factors of PGD. To test MI across two samples, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and multiple group CFA (MGCFA) were employed. Following the MI analysis, the PGD risk factors were assessed using multiple linear regression. Results. The results in MI revealed a noninvariant model (CFI >.02) between metric and scalar invariance, so we separated both samples in the following analysis. The findings in multiple linear regression analysis showed positive associations between higher score of PGD and the loss of a child or a partner, as well as history of mental health problem in both samples. Female gender was found to be significantly correlated with higher PGD score in the Dutch sample, but negatively correlated with higher level of PGD in the Swedish sample. Conclusion. Our findings lend support to the prevention of PGD cases in targeted groups and the improvement of grief-specific interventions, particularly during the pandemic COVID-19.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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