University of Twente Student Theses


Disaster and land: access to land and land rights-comparative case studies of Indonesia, Pakistan and Haiti

Waziri, Mahaman Lawali Abba (2011) Disaster and land: access to land and land rights-comparative case studies of Indonesia, Pakistan and Haiti.

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Abstract:Disaster destroys land and property and can lead to small or large scale displacement of affected communities away from the affected areas during the recovery phase. Land administration system can suffer from losses of staff, records and can lead tenure insecurity. After a period of time the displaced people (IDPs) may like to come back to their pre-disaster living area to reconstruct their houses. Land became a scarce resource and land issues have to be addressed from early recovery till the reconstruction phase. The normative framework for addressing housing land and property rights in the context of displacement is summarized in the 2005 principles on housing and property restitution for refugees and displaced persons (COHRE, 2005). The objective of this study is to assess how prepared can be a government in term of disaster management what are the factors that can obstruct or help to recovery and reconstruction and how land and land rights are gained back after a disaster. The research methods consist of case study of Asian tsunami in Aceh, the Pakistan earthquake and the Haiti earthquake, the desk research was based on literature review. The study reveals that location plays a role in disaster as it can help or obstruct recovery and reconstruction also security, political and social aspects of a country can be also important factors for delaying or speeding recovery and reconstruction. The United Nations Agencies provided guidelines on land issues in post disaster but access to land and land rights depend largely on existing land administration system and land tenure system. Disaster Risk Management is a continuous process and preparedness continuous cycle of planning, organizing, evaluating and improving activities to ensure effective coordination to prevent protect and recover from disaster. Key words: Disaster, Displacement, Land Administration, Tenure security, IDPs, Land, Disaster Management.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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