University of Twente Student Theses


Community perception on land registration and their impact on the adjudication process: A case study in Rwanda

Singirankabo, Alban Uwacu (2011) Community perception on land registration and their impact on the adjudication process: A case study in Rwanda.

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Abstract:Many authors have reflected on the procedures to be adopted in the implementation of a land registration programme but only few emphasize the crucial role that the community has to play. The systematic land registration programme now being implemented in Rwanda faces the problem of incomplete participation of the community in the adjudication process. The research made use of a case study consisting of three Cells of Nyamabuye Sector in Muhanga District. The aim is to investigate the impact of community perception towards land registration on the adjudication process. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods including structured interviews, group discussions and observation were used to collect and analyse data on the community perception towards land registration. Findings show that not only the community participation in the adjudication is affected by the lack of information but also and importantly by their knowledge and appreciation of the land registration programme. The customary laws that characterised the past land management regimes in Rwanda conferred a state of ownership where land belonged to the family and the security of tenure assured by the chief of the family and neighbours. The community know that through registration they can get land titles and increase their tenure security but still fear to lose some of their rights. They perceive the now being implemented systematic land registration programme as a way opted by the Government to take power on their lands and to control the use and transfer of rights. The fear to lose full ownership and get lease from the Government makes some people refuse to participate in the adjudication while others participate only because they think they don’t have choice. The study revealed that some articles of the 2005 Organic Land Law governing the implementation of the land registration contribute to the above mentioned perception. Furthermore, the cost and procedures used, and the centralisation of all activities in Kigali NLC Head Office make community claims difficult to process. KEYWORDS: Land registration, community perception, adjudication, community participation, tenure security, rights
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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