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The feasibility study of land readjustment for Kampung upgrading in Jakarta

Supriatna, Andri (2011) The feasibility study of land readjustment for Kampung upgrading in Jakarta.

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Abstract:Nowadays the centre of Jakarta has seen quite a spectacular rapid growth as a business centre with the construction of a large number of high rise buildings. At present, kampung resides on the other side of those buildings. Even its existence grows rapidly due to urbanization. Many people living in those kampungs develop spontaneously and it leads to densification. Such development by kampung residents refers to what is termed as informal settlement. The landowners erect houses on unregistered title and without building permit issued by Jakarta municipality, and also neglect the provision of basic infrastructures and facilities in its implementation. Municipality of Jakarta has exerted every effort to solve such informal settlement. Several strategies represented in the Government program were addressed to tackle the growth of kampung. However the foregoing programs have its limitations. The first program discussed in this research is kampung improvement program (KIP). The main shortcomings are lack of urban land, not include land tenure issue, and limited budget of municipality. Another program is new housing development. It has limitation in acquiring land for new development. It faces the high land price and social opposition. The program becomes more difficult as fragmented lands are owned by multiple landowners. Realizing the limitations of the foregoing programs, land readjustment is brought forward to involve public participation to solve the problems in urban development. This research studies about the feasibility of land readjustment for kampung upgrading. Lessons learnt are taken from Japan and German land readjustment experiences to design a conceptual model of land readjustment application in kampung. The design is on the basis of the existing condition in kampung and conceptualized within the framework of land readjustment characters. Ultimately, considering the small plots and total area in kampung, social housing in form of multi-storey building is provided for the original residents in a new structure area with better living condition. However, such conceptual model should be measured in reality on the grounded simulation required for further research. Keywords: kampung, public participation, land readjustment, social housing production
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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