University of Twente Student Theses


The relationship between water scarcity and farmer migration in Isfahan, Iran

Ahmadinejad, Yasaman (2022) The relationship between water scarcity and farmer migration in Isfahan, Iran.

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Abstract:One of the problems that farmers in the Middle East and North Africa region are dealing with is water scarcity. Many farmers decided to migrate because of this problem. In the Isfahan province of Iran, different factors contribute to the water scarcity and farmers’ migration decision. The Zayandeh-rud River is the central water basin in this province. Isfahan has been developed at a fast pace regarding industrialization and urbanization. Since the province is located in a semi-arid region, this development has caused problems with water distribution among different sectors. Farmers are migrating from their villages, because of water scarcity and not having enough available water to continue farming. I chose the Kafran village in the east of Isfahan as the case study area, where water scarcity is intense and farmers started to migrate. By applying the SES and IAD frameworks, I first investigate which factors contribute to the water scarcity in Kafran and, next, what elements the water scarcity affects. In the case of Isfahan, the management methods, policies, and climate change effects have led to problems in water distribution and exacerbated water scarcity. The following water scarcity impacts farmers' lives through economic, environmental, health, and social aspects. The main reason for migration is economic and not having enough money to live on for basic needs. The second reason is environmental and health conditions, and the third is social factors.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
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