University of Twente Student Theses


Decreasing screen time of desk workers: a systematic review

Hahn, Emily (2022) Decreasing screen time of desk workers: a systematic review.

[img] PDF
Abstract:Background: An increase in screen time goes along with sedentary behaviour in desk workers. Such increased screen time is often accompanied by negative health effects, which could be prevented by a decrease in screen time. Aim: Currently, there is not much known about the state of art of studies decreasing screen time in desk workers. Therefore, the objective of this literature review was to provide an overview of currently available studies as well as specific facilitators and barriers to the reduction of screen time. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted with Scopus and PubMed as databases. The found sources were screened with EndNote X9.3.3. Out of the 588 screened records, six were included in this review. Those selected studies were examined in a table in Microsoft Excel, which made further organisation and comparison of the data possible. Results: The analysis of the six selected studies revealed facilitators to the reduction of screen time, as well as barriers that often hinder the reduction of screen time. The facilitators included a change of the working environment, break prompts, the focus on leisure time screen use, and physical activity. The barriers included a lack of knowledge regarding the negative health effects of prolonged screen time, lack of support within the working environment, and the characteristics of desk work. Discussion: Due to only a small number of papers fulfilling the criteria of this study, it was concluded that the field of research regarding screen time reduction is not yet far developed. Nonetheless, it was discovered that the found facilitators and barriers are similar within the more developed field of sitting reduction. Moreover, it was discussed why green time studies are not associated with screen time reduction in desk workers. Additionally, the importance of distinguishing between sedentary behaviour and physical inactivity has been demonstrated. Further, the ethical issue of the need to seem productive by staying in front of the screen and the lack of support in working environments were discussed. For future research, it was suggested to explore existing interventions further, and to consider education about health consequences and changes of the working environment for new interventions.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:
Export this item as:BibTeX
HTML Citation
Reference Manager


Repository Staff Only: item control page