University of Twente Student Theses


Travel emission profiles: Case study Overijssel, The Netherlands

Sodhi, Zoya (2013) Travel emission profiles: Case study Overijssel, The Netherlands.

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Abstract:Carbon emissions from personal travel have increased steadily in the country of The Netherlands. To reduce these emission levels, specific carbon reduction targets have been set within the Kyoto Protocol and agreed upon within the European Union for their medium long term period by 2020. To achieve these carbon reduction targets not only emissions produced from personal travel are important but also identifying the ‘emitters’ and analyzing ‘how much’ do these emitters contribute, is essential. This research describes an emission calculation framework to calculate carbon emissions using travel pattern related characteristics for profiling carbon dioxide emissions from personal travel across all modes of travel concerned with road transportation. A case study application of the methodology integrating the sample based Mobility Survey Netherlands (MON) dataset provides an enhanced understanding of the extent to which individual travel patterns marked by household size and structure, car ownership, age, gender, education, paid work, income and geographical location impact on carbon emissions. Car travel significantly dominates the overall carbon dioxide emissions. Conversely, public transport accounts for a marginal share of emissions on an average basis. There is a highly unequal distribution of emissions amongst the population. The lowest emitters account for 17% of the total individuals and contribute 0.5 kg/day emissions per person on an average while the highest emitters account for only 2% of the total individuals contributing 18.5 kg/day CO2 emissions per person on an average. Therefore the lowest emitters were typically non-car owners, individuals within the age group of 50-65 years, mostly female, comprising of lower education, working for less than 12 hours per week, earning less than 7500 Euros/year as their personal net income and residing mostly in lowly urbanised areas. On the other hand, highest emitters were car owners, aged between 25-35 years, mostly males who were highly qualified, earning equal to or more than 30000 Euros/year as their personal net income and residing in strongly urbanised areas.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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