University of Twente Student Theses


Challenges to the Effective Wastewater Reuse in Agriculture : The Case Study of Nicosia, Cyprus

Redif, Kaan (2023) Challenges to the Effective Wastewater Reuse in Agriculture : The Case Study of Nicosia, Cyprus.

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Abstract:The Nicosia wastewater treatment plant discharges high-quality treated wastewater since 2013 but the level of reuse for irrigation purposes has been below its potential. This study aimed to highlight the main challenges affecting wastewater reuse by reviewing the literature about countries facing similar issues and conducting semi-structured interviews with farmers and experts. The social acceptance of farmers and willingness to pay for treated wastewater has been evaluated. The results indicate that farmers generally have favourable opinions about TWW usage for irrigational purposes, mainly due to their awareness of water scarcity. However, perceived quality had no significant effect on their decision-making regarding TWW usage. Education and knowledge of water quality and treatment technology significantly impacted social acceptance among farmers. Perceived health risks also significantly impacted farmers' decision-making and social acceptance. The farmers' WTP is 1.55 TL/ton for the most likely scenario and educated people (Bachelor’s degree or higher) have indicated higher WTP for TWW. The open-ended nature of the interviews has also revealed several other challenges that hinder the effective reuse of wastewater, such as the lack of wastewater reuse policy and regulations, political issues due to the bi-communal tension, and high operational costs of the WWTP.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science, 70 social sciences in general
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
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