University of Twente Student Theses


A gender identity sensitive study of student mental health

Behrens, Jan (2023) A gender identity sensitive study of student mental health.

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Abstract:Transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) persons and students are reportedly high risk for poor mental health. However, few studies exist that investigate gender diverse students, more often than not reenforcing the hetero-cis-normative approach of there being two genders that are dictated by sex. In terms of mental health, depression, anxiety, and sleep are particularly relevant for TGNC students. The current study thus aims to explore whether TGNC students have worse sleep quality, and higher levels of anxiety and depression compared to cisgender students. Further it investigates whether the relationships between anxiety and depression to sleep quality are more pronounced for TGNC students. The study used a between subjects’ design with a sample of N=194 where 49 were identified as TGNC and 145 as cisgender. Mental health was assessed using the GAD-7 for anxiety, PHQ-9 for depression, and SQS for sleep quality. There was a significant effect of gender identity on depression with TGNC persons scoring higher on the PHQ-9. No other difference in mental health, nor moderation was significant. The current sample may experience more environmental support, leading to gender identity not being central to their mental health. This potentially highlights the key importance of TGNC support, representation, and acceptance.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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