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Self-Regulation and Well-Being: The Moderating Role of Perceived Stress from an Outpatient Care Perspective

Rahouti, Narjis (2023) Self-Regulation and Well-Being: The Moderating Role of Perceived Stress from an Outpatient Care Perspective.

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Abstract:The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced several work challenges, particularly for outpatient nurses around the world, such as in Germany. Research has explored factors that interplay with nurses’ well-being, including stress and coping techniques, such as self-regulation. However, nurses’ well-being in the final stages of the pandemic received limited attention. Therefore, the study on hand investigated the moderating role of perceived stress on the proposed relationship between self-regulation and well-being. It was hypothesised that nurses’ self-regulation capacity would significantly predict their well-being, accompanied by the assumption that perceived stress acts as a moderator. Accordingly, a survey design was conducted with 51 German outpatient nurses working in public hospitals to explore the expected interaction effect. The participants’ age ranged from 25 to 65 and above, whereby the majority was female (n = 30), followed by 20 males, and one respondent who preferred not to indicate their gender. To measure well-being, self-regulation, and stress, three distinct scales were used for each variable. The findings of the online study showed that German outpatient nurses scored high on the Perceived Stress Scale and Self-Regulation Questionnaire, but scored moderately on the Mental Health Continuum. A Pearson correlation test showed a significant relationship between self�regulation and well-being (r(49) = .46, p < .001), indicating that nurses who are high in self�regulation tend to have an increased well-being. However, the moderation analysis indicated a non-significant interaction effect between nurses’ perceived stress levels and self-regulation capacity, b = -0.07, t(49) = -0.19, p = .852. This finding suggests that the effect between self�regulation and well-being did not vary as a function of perceived stress. Future research could integrate longitudinal studies with larger scales to be able to draw valid conclusions about nurses’ well-being, self-regulation, and stress levels over a longer period of time, as the time frame may have played a role in the variety of nurses’ reported experiences.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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