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Resilience and reappraisal as coping strategies for stressful events : an experience sampling study

Pollmann, N. (2023) Resilience and reappraisal as coping strategies for stressful events : an experience sampling study.

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Abstract:Background & Aim: Daily life stressors can cause negative affect, and managing these stressors effectively, called resilience, is supported by emotion regulation strategies like reappraisal. Previous research on these concepts has been cross-sectional, offering limited insight into daily, within-subject interactions. This study uses the experience sampling method to explore these interactions at the state level. Method: 70 participants (M_age = 22.93) answered questions three times a day for two weeks to examine the relationship between resilience, stressful events, and negative affect on the state level. They also completed a baseline questionnaire on reappraisal use. 2,625 timepoints were analyzed using linear mixed-effects models. Findings: An insignificant negative association (ß = -0.18, p = 0.14) was found between state negative affect and trait resilience. However, a significant positive association (ß = 0.49, p < 0.001) was observed between stressful events and momentary negative affect. Moderation analysis revealed that cognitive reappraisal significantly moderated (p < 0.001) the relationship between stressful events and negative affect. Discussion & Conclusion: While no direct association between resilience and negative affect was established, cognitive reappraisal was identified as an important buffer for experiencing negative affect during stressful events. Keywords: resilience, negative affect, cognitive reappraisal, experience sampling, stressful events
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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