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What Encourages Prosocial Behaviour in Soccer: The Difference Between Gender and the Influence of Morality

Beeken, Amelie (2023) What Encourages Prosocial Behaviour in Soccer: The Difference Between Gender and the Influence of Morality.

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Abstract:Research suggests that prosocial behaviour in soccer is positively influenced by morality, particularly empathy and mastery motivational climate. Additionally, there is a difference between the genders generally, as well as in soccer, where women tend to display higher levels of empathy and are also more likely to behave in a prosocial manner. Therefore, this study aims to investigate if empathy, mastery motivational climate and gender influence if people behave prosocial or not in order to then find ways to enhance prosocial behaviour in the best way for each gender. This is done in the context of sports, namely soccer as it is one of the most popular sports worldwide. An online questionnaire was designed that measured the prosocial behaviour in sports, empathy, and the perceived motivational climate in the team of 20 male and 20 female individuals of various nationalities. The results of this study found that there is a positive relationship between empathy and prosocial behaviour in soccer. However, no moderating effect of gender was found. Furthermore, this study found that women tend to have higher levels of empathy compared to males and that women tend to behave more prosocial in soccer. Lastly, high perceptions of mastery motivational climate led to more prosocial behaviour in soccer. This is in line with what the literature suggests and future research should focus on the moderating effect of gender as such an effect appears likely given that gender influences empathy and prosocial behaviour and that there is a relationship between those two.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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