University of Twente Student Theses


Differences in Gender Role Beliefs Among Eastern and Western European Women and Their Relationship to Well-being

Dremo, Martyna (2023) Differences in Gender Role Beliefs Among Eastern and Western European Women and Their Relationship to Well-being.

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Abstract:Gender roles are socially constructed expectations about what each gender should represent within society. They range from conservative-traditional to progressive-egalitarian roles and their prevalence differs per culture. Exposure to traditional gender roles has been associated with a decrease in one’s well-being, especially in modern women. However, it is still unknown whether women's own beliefs about gender roles or the existence of gender differences have an impact on their perceived well-being. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the differences in beliefs about gender roles among women in Eastern and Western Europe, and their impact on well-being. A mixed methods approach, with an open-ended question and two questionnaires measuring perceived well-being and gender role beliefs, was implemented. The dataset consisted of a total of 93 participants aged between 30 and 50, representing Eastern and Western European cultures. Both results from the qualitative and quantitative analysis revealed that Eastern European women have more traditional gender role beliefs than Western European women. Nevertheless, no significant moderation effect of culture on the relationship between gender role beliefs and well-being was found. Future studies should consider including perspectives from other genders to gain a broader understanding of gender role beliefs and their possible relationship to well-being. It is essential to use a more nuanced approach to the conceptualisation of culture and not solely reduce it to one’s nationality. In addition, further evaluation of different tools measuring gender role beliefs is needed to create one consistent measurement of gender role beliefs. This study contributed academically to a better understanding of modern gender role beliefs among women in Europe.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:02 science and culture in general, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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