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The Effect of Post-Migration Living Difficulties on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Depression in Mourning Ukrainian Refugees

Tosun, D.R. (2023) The Effect of Post-Migration Living Difficulties on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Depression in Mourning Ukrainian Refugees.

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Abstract:Exposure to post-migration living difficulties (PMLD) is a frequently neglected predictor for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in resettled refugees. Especially in the case of Ukrainian refugees, research on the relationship between PMLDs and mental illness is scarce. This study investigates the relationship between PMLD and PTSD and depression in Ukrainian refugees who have experienced the loss of a loved one through linear regression. Also, whether the host country to which individuals immigrate moderates this relationship by moderation regression. PMLD, PTSD and depression were assessed through standardised self-report measures (Post-Migration Living Difficulties Scale, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist, and Patient Health Questionnaire-9, respectively). The design of the study follows a quantitative cross-sectional within-subject survey conducted online, utilizing a questionnaire on Qualtrics. The analysis of data collected from 74 female and 3 male Ukrainian citizens from the age of 19 to 53 years, displaced across various countries and regions, reveals that PMLD significantly elevates scores of both, PTSD (β = .131, p < .001) and depression (β = .200, p < .001). The findings support previous research that established a connection between PMLD and PTSD in refugee populations. However, contrary to expectations, the host country did not moderate this relationship. The impact of PMLD on mental health outcomes remained consistent regardless of the specific host country. Despite limitations such as a heavy recency effect, small sample size and gender imbalance, the findings have important implications for clinical practice, psychological support programs, and policy development. Policymakers should allocate resources to policies promoting social integration, reducing isolation, and facilitating access to mental health services. These findings can guide the development of targeted interventions addressing PMLD, the importance of social integration and familial support networks, as well as the need for culturally sensitive mental health care for Ukrainians.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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