University of Twente Student Theses


The Melodies of Memory: The Impact of Background Music on Memory and Emotions

Sinoradzki, Paula (2023) The Melodies of Memory: The Impact of Background Music on Memory and Emotions.

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Abstract:This study focused on analysing background music and its effects on emotions and memory. For that, a total of 40 high school students from two English classes participated, with each class assigned to either the experimental or control group. Based on previous research, it was hypothesised that participants in the experimental group, who would watch a video with background music, would perform better on a content questionnaire compared to the control group, who watched the same video without music. Additionally, the study aimed to examine whether music could elicit different emotional responses. The research followed a quasi-experimental design, including a pre-test, intervention, and post-test approach. The participants answered one questionnaire containing the PANAS scale prior to watching the video to measure their emotional state. They then viewed the assigned video, which was followed by a post-test questionnaire that contained the PANAS scale again, a content questionnaire about the video and the video engagement scale. The results did not yield significant findings for either hypothesis. As a result, this study contributes to the development of innovative and sustainable approaches to memory enhancement by outlining which elements are essential for learning materials and how music can be integrated into them.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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