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The Fluctuation of Self-kindness in Flourishing and Non-Flourishing University Students

Schulze, Celina (2023) The Fluctuation of Self-kindness in Flourishing and Non-Flourishing University Students.

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Abstract:Self-kindness, as part of self-compassion, has the potential to give meaningful insights into the functioning of well-being as it has been found to have several health-related benefits, especially for university students who often experience higher amounts of stress and mental health problems than the general population. However, less is known about the fluctuation of self-kindness in flourishing and non-flourishing individuals. It was hypothesised that self-kindness fluctuates less over time for flourishers compared to non-flourishers as flourishers tend to react with less distress to stressful life events. In the current study, the Experience Sampling Method (ESM) was used for measuring self-kindness three times daily over a period of seven days. The sample consisted of 18 university students aged between 20 and 26, with the majority (66.7%) being female. Consistent with previous literature, self-kindness and flourishing was found to be positively correlated at baseline, indicating that flourishing individuals have higher levels of self-kindness than non-flourishing individuals. Results of a Linear Mixed Model analysis showed self-kindness fluctuating over time, with more variability within than between persons. Irrespective of the flourishing status, self-kindness was observed to be significantly lower in the morning compared to other times of the day. Additionally, flourishers reported significantly higher scores of self-kindness in the evening than non-flourishers. Findings highlight the importance of taking time of the day into account when examining self-kindness and suggest the influence of other factors on self-kindness. Overall, the study gives insight into the dynamic nature of self-kindness. However, the study was limited in several ways and the results need to be interpreted with caution. Future research should strive for a larger sample size to ensure greater statistical power.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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