University of Twente Student Theses


Pathological Grief and Depression: An Examination of Mourning Ukrainians

Brinkmeier, C.T. (2023) Pathological Grief and Depression: An Examination of Mourning Ukrainians.

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Abstract:With the rise of armed violence in Ukraine, understanding the psychometric properties of tools that assess the psychological well-being of its population is crucial for healthcare providers. Especially people who lost a loved one are at risk of developing psychopathologies such as Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) and depression and need to be assessed adequately. In that context, this research investigated the psychometric properties of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and the Traumatic Grief Inventory-Self Report Plus (TGI-SR+) in a sample of grieving Ukrainians (n = 254, M = 33.53 years, SD = 7.29). Additionally, this research explored the relationship between Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) and depression and the influence of the type of loved person lost (e.g., spouse, parent, child) on the severity of depressive symptoms. Exploratory factor analysis suggested a three-factor structure for the PHQ-9 and the TGI-SR+ in the Ukrainian population, deviating from the conventional one-factor structures. Further analysis established a moderate positive correlation between PGD and depressive symptoms (p < .001). The loss of a partner was associated with the highest levels of depression in the sample, while the loss of a child was related to the lowest. The main limitation of the present study is a lack of gender diversity in the sample due to a potential recruitment bias (94% of participants were female). This study aims to contribute to the existing body of literature about grief and depression in the bereaved by highlighting the need for structurally sound assessment tools. Future research should utilize more diverse samples and incorporate longitudinal study designs. Keywords: Depression, Prolonged Grief Disorder, PHQ-9, TGI-SR+, War
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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