University of Twente Student Theses


A Pre- and Post-Migrative Trauma Perspective on PTSD and Depression Among Mourning Ukrainian Refugees

Renfordt, J.H. (2023) A Pre- and Post-Migrative Trauma Perspective on PTSD and Depression Among Mourning Ukrainian Refugees.

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Abstract:As of now, numerous Ukrainians were forced to flee their homes on account of the conflict with Russia, substantially increasing their risk of trauma exposure and consequent psychiatric conditions. One of the most common traumas encountered by war refugees constitutes the unnatural loss of a beloved one. To better ascertain health demands of affected individuals, the experience of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was studied in the bounds of this online survey study employing a sample of 118 mourning Ukrainian refugees (Mage = 33.7, SDage = 7.1). To this end, it was tested whether the type of relationship with the deceased predicted the existence of subgroups presenting with prototypical symptom profiles. Additionally, it was scrutinised how exposure to post-migrative stressors affected PTSD development and whether this relationship was mediated by depression. Thus, four self-report measures, the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist for DMS-5, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, and the Post-migration Living Difficulties Checklist, were administered and interrelated. Results evinced that the depth of the attachment bound with the deceased, as opposed to the mere relativity status, positively predicted symptom profiles consolidating avoidance (p = .001) and intrusive symptoms (p = .007). The latter finding was related to the increased involvement of emotion-circuits during fear acquisition. Moreover, while post-migrative stressors were found to predict PTSD severity (p < .001), a relationship completely mediated by depression, the amount of exposure to pre-migration trauma emerged marginally insignificant (p = .051). Concludingly, this study stressed the potency of prevention-oriented PTSD rationales within the targeted population, while also pleading for the aetiological, rather than secondary, role of depression in the development of post-migrative PTSD.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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