University of Twente Student Theses


A Higher Purpose: How Individuals with Different Belief Systems Exhibit Daily-Life Resilience

Mertens, Marcel (2023) A Higher Purpose: How Individuals with Different Belief Systems Exhibit Daily-Life Resilience.

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Abstract:Objective & Methods. A one-week experience sampling method study was conducted with a convenience sample of 71 participants. This comparative study investigated group differences for three measures of daily-life resilience between spiritual, religious, and non-spiritual non-religious individuals through linear-mixed effects models and mediation analyses. It was tested if affiliation to the belief systems moderates the association between the attribution of stressful daily events to a higher purpose and daily-life resilience; if this attribution style (1) mediates the effect of the three groups on daily-life resilience, and (2) moderates the association between positive affect and daily-life resilience for differently affiliated individuals. Results. Spiritual individuals indicated significantly greater resilience compared to religious individuals. The attribution style partially explained the religious individuals’ daily-life resilience, and the attribution’s effect on one resilience measurement was inhibited by spiritual affiliation. Moreover, the external attribution style weakened the impact of positive affect on stress adaptation for religious and non-affiliated individuals. Conclusion. The study highlights distinct differences in daily-life resilience and effects of external attributions between spiritual and religious individuals. Future studies should explore the unique and potentially different coping mechanisms spiritual and religious people utilise to protect themselves from daily adversities.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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