University of Twente Student Theses


Exploring Rumination in the Presence of Other People : An Experience Sampling Study

Brune, Simon J. (2023) Exploring Rumination in the Presence of Other People : An Experience Sampling Study.

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Abstract:Background: Previous studies have found a positive association between rumination and negative mood, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Rumination’s association with negative affect in the presence of others has not been investigated daily. It is suggested that co-rumination depends on the relationship quality between two people. Therefore, this study aims to examine daily rumination in the social context using the experience sampling method. Methods: A convenience sample of 59 Participants (mean age = 29.04, 53.73% female, 46.27% male) was asked about their rumination, affect, and social context of the situation ten times daily for one week. Mixed-effect models were used to analyse the association between rumination and negative affect, as well as moderation of this association by being accompanied and liking this company. Results: The association of rumination and negative affect was found to be significant (b = 0.28, p < .001, while company as a moderator was insignificant (p = .50). Liking one’s company was marginally significantly associated with higher negative affect scores in moments of rumination (b = -0.01, p = .07). Discussion: The results suggest additional support for an association between rumination and negative affect. Being accompanied was not found to be related to this association. Liking one’s company tends to be associated with high negative affect in moments of rumination supporting previous claims of an association between high-quality friendships and the occurrence of co-rumination.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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