University of Twente Student Theses


Validation of the TGI-SR+ in grieving Ukrainian Refugees & Investigation of Age and Gender Effects

Holdmann, Henrik (2023) Validation of the TGI-SR+ in grieving Ukrainian Refugees & Investigation of Age and Gender Effects.

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Abstract:As the current Russian invasion of Ukraine has triggered an immense refugee crisis, a substantial number of Ukrainian refugees are prone to the development of Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) in response to bereavement. This study aims to validate the TGI-SR+ (Trauma Grief Inventory - Self Report Plus) questionnaire within grieving Ukrainian refugees as well as investigate the relationship between the variables "Age" / "Gender" and the PGD symptomatology. Consequently, this research desired to examine if the TGI-SR+ is a reliable tool to assess PGD within Ukrainian refugees, as validation research for the rather novel TGISR+ is scarce. To acquire a sufficient sample of Ukrainian refugees (N = 79), a questionnaire has been disseminated online in Facebook groups for Ukrainians living abroad. The data indicates that the TGI-SR+ is a valid questionnaire to assess PGD symptomatology within grieving Ukrainian refugees (for both the DSM-5-TR PGD and ICD-11 PGD). The items have a good inter-correlation; the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) indicates a good fit of the DSM-5-TR PGD and ICD-11 PGD models, and a convergent validity analysis indicates that the TGI-SR+ and the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) measure a similar construct. The variable "Gender" did not significantly influence the PGD symptomatology within the sample; however, this result is not reliable because of the sample characteristics (male (N = 2); female (N = 77)). The variable "Age" did not significantly influence PGD symptomatology as well; a significant difference between two age groups in PGD symptomatology could be found within additional analyses, on the other hand. This research could broaden the validation research of the TGI-SR+ and provide some additional insights into the grief of Ukrainian refugees.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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