University of Twente Student Theses


Regulating The Invisible Spy : A Case Study of the Pegasus Spyware examining Surveillance Technology Regulation

Dieterle, L.C. (2023) Regulating The Invisible Spy : A Case Study of the Pegasus Spyware examining Surveillance Technology Regulation.

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Abstract:This case study of Pegasus Spyware has extensively analyzed literature, legal frameworks, judiciary evaluations, and stakeholder dynamics to address the research question regarding technology regulatory bodies' responses to challenges posed by surveillance technologies, particularly Pegasus Spyware. Based on publicly available documents in governmental databases, the findings reveal that regulatory bodies have acknowledged the need to address the misuse of Pegasus and similar spyware and have identified gaps in existing regulatory frameworks. They identify members of civil society as emerging stakeholders, emphasizing the importance of control mechanisms and the role of “watchdogs” in uncovering and publishing misuse, done by demanding, among others, judicial review, and accountability from both corporate and governmental entities. While the EU as a regional stakeholder has conducted investigations to fill regulatory gaps, the UN as an international stakeholder has recommended a global moratorium on the sale, transfer, and use of surveillance technology until compliance with universal rights and freedoms is assured. National regulatory bodies have responded differently within their respective contexts, and private regulatory bodies, like the NSO Group, face tensions between business interests and upholding human rights. The research underscores the interconnectedness between flawed surveillance technology regulation and the potential chilling effects on human rights.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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