University of Twente Student Theses


The Zapatista Movement and the Development of Feminist Utopianism

Friedrich, Cleo Salome (2023) The Zapatista Movement and the Development of Feminist Utopianism.

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Abstract:This thesis discusses the conceptualization of feminist utopianism as a political theory and how its characteristics are applied within the autonomous Zapatista municipalities in Mexico. Today's societal and political landscape is still marked by patriarchal traits, characterized by male domination and female oppression, impacting not only on the safety and quality of life of many women, but also political and administrative agenda-setting and lower female political participation. But are there ways to break this system and replace it with a new one which can enforce equity? In Mexico, a group of rebels dissociated from the national government and formed autonomous municipalities, in which they have managed to construct new forms of governing, aiming at autonomy and freedom for all, as well as at creating equality between men and women. By conducting a conceptual content analysis using Zapatista policy documents, statements, and speeches, the research question “How do the autonomous Zapatista municipalities in Mexico embody feminist utopianism as a political theory?” was answered. The findings demonstrated a clear overlap between the Zapatista agenda and feminist ideals, as well as utopian thought. While still facing challenges in implementation, the Zapatistas are following a path of feminist utopianism in their fight for autonomy.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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