University of Twente Student Theses


The Effects of Daily Stress and Self-Compassion on Personal Growth : An Experience Sampling Study

Schünke, Sarah (2023) The Effects of Daily Stress and Self-Compassion on Personal Growth : An Experience Sampling Study.

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Abstract:Background.Existing literature explores effects traumatic experiences can have on individuals, not only focusing on negative outcomes, but also on positive outcomes like post-traumatic growth (PTG). However, limited attention has been given to personal growth following daily stress, despite their ubiquity in everyday life. It would be gripping to see if individuals can experience growth after daily stress. The construct of self-compassion is worth investigating in this relationship, as studies have shown that it can alleviate stress in individuals. Objective.The current research aims to explore the association between daily stress and personal growth in individuals’ everyday life. Additionally, a moderating effect of state self-compassion will be examined. Method.The research made use of an Experience Sampling Method (ESM) design for 11 days. Participants (N= 22, Mage= 24.9, 77.3% female) were recruited by convenience sampling. On the first day of the study, participants filled out a baseline questionnaire. During the following days, the participants received an identical questionnaire five times a day in which the state measures of daily stress, personal growth, and state self-compassion were assessed. Results. Linear Mixed Model Analysis (LMM) disclosed a significant positive relationship between daily stress and personal growth (b = .48, CI [.35, .62], p < .001). However, state self-compassion was not a significant moderating variable (b = -.05, CI [-.12, .02], p= .18). Conclusion.These findings reveal that daily stress can positively impact personal growth. Yet, state self-compassion does not moderate this relationship by alleviating stress and mitigating personal growth. Nevertheless, these findings provide novel insights into the association of daily stress and personal growth. Still, further research is needed to fully grasp this association.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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