University of Twente Student Theses


The Protective Factor of Social Company in State Rumination

Landefeld, Carolin Lucia Beate (2023) The Protective Factor of Social Company in State Rumination.

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Abstract:It is crucial to understand and approach the determinants of major depressive disorder, as even a few depressive symptoms can significantly impair a person's life. One of these symptoms that is arising in daily life is rumination. This study investigated whether social company could reduce state rumination in daily life within people with depressive symptoms at baseline. Using the experience sampling method over a course of one week, 31 participants answered daily questionnaires about their social company, state rumination and negative affect. State rumination significantly predicted levels of negative affect over time. But, this effect was not significantly moderated by previous social company. Further, pleasurably perceived social company did not predict levels of state rumination over time and this effect was not moderated by different levels of depressive symptoms. These findings partially support current conceptualisations of rumination as a vulnerability factor for depressive symptoms that acts through increased negative affect. However, the buffering role of social company on this association could not be confirmed. Future studies should investigate more specific social variables, such as social interaction, and differentiate between state rumination modes to examine possible protective factors for the relationship between state rumination and depressive symptoms.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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