University of Twente Student Theses


An Experience Sampling Study into Daily-Life Stress Recovery, Depressive Symptoms, and Emotion Regulation

Reckeweg, Lisa (2023) An Experience Sampling Study into Daily-Life Stress Recovery, Depressive Symptoms, and Emotion Regulation.

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Abstract:Background: Experience Sampling Method (ESM) studies showed associations between depressive symptomatology and daily-life stress (DLS) recovery. However, in naturalistic settings, it is unclear how this association is influenced in moments of emotion regulation (ER). This ESM study investigates the role of momentary rumination and momentary cognitive reappraisal on the relationship between DLS recovery and depressive symptom severity in naturalistic settings. Methods: 51 healthy volunteers (44 female and seven male) aged 19 to 35 filled out baseline measurements including demographic data and depressive symptom severity. ESM questionnaires then assessed event-related stress, negative affect (NA), rumination, and cognitive reappraisal ten times over eight consecutive days. DLS recovery was assessed with the extent of NA after event-related stress. Results: Linear Mixed Models showed a significant effect of rumination and depressive symptom severity on DLS recovery (p < .01). Further, cognitive reappraisal and depressive symptom severity had a significant effect on DLS recovery (p < .01). Discussion: Conclusively, momentary rumination did improve the relationship between the severity of depressive symptoms and DLS recovery. Further, momentary cognitive reappraisal improved the relationship between more severe depressive symptoms and DLS recovery yet worsened the relationship between less severe depressive symptoms and DLS recovery. These findings contribute to a better understanding of DLS recovery and have the potential of enhancing ER interventions to reduce (daily-life) stress and depressive symptoms in the long run. Future research should replicate this study, potentially including multiple reports (e.g.: psychological and physiological reports) or alternative ER strategies.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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