University of Twente Student Theses


E-Health interventions promoting self-compassion in mental disorders: A scoping review

Kirchhoff, J.S. (2023) E-Health interventions promoting self-compassion in mental disorders: A scoping review.

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Abstract:Self-compassion interventions, promoting kindness and mindfulness towards oneself, have proven effective for different mental disorders. With the increasing use of technology in mental health care, various e-health interventions promoting self-compassion have emerged. However, the full scope of the literature on their use for mental disorders was not assessed yet, which is therefore the aim of the current review. A comprehensive literature search was conducted, applying specific inclusion criteria: participants aged >18 with at least subclinical levels of a mental disorder, or moderate to high self-criticism or stress; interventions were digital and self-compassion based. Data of 15 studies was analyzed based on interventions, samples, outcomes and associated instruments, and intervention feasibility. Results showed that most participants were relatively young to middle-aged, predominantly female, suffering from disorders like depression, anxiety, or schizophrenia. Interventions were mostly offered as self-help programs, delivered via the Internet, and aimed to alleviate psychopathology. Outcomes were categorized as symptomatology, well-being, secondary outcomes, and treatment evaluation. Dropout and adherence rates yielded mixed results. While some individuals reported negative effects on symptoms and emotions, most expressed moderate satisfaction and acceptance of the interventions. Conclusively, it is recommended to investigate the efficacy of digitally enhancing self-compassion for various mental disorders.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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