University of Twente Student Theses


A Scoping Review on the Use of Technology in Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation Biases

Oberle, P. V. (2023) A Scoping Review on the Use of Technology in Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation Biases.

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Abstract:Cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) describes a method of modifying the negative interpretation biases that underly many psychopathological disorders. While the implementation of technology in CBM-I enables advancements in delivery and measurement, no review on CBM-I has yet considered the peculiar characteristics and benefits of different kinds of technology. This scoping review aims to map recent findings on the implementation of technology in CBM-I. Searching of the databases Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO resulted in a total of 12 studies. Most interventions targeted anxiety samples and measured clinical effects or intervention feasibility. Feasibility was mostly high while clinical effectiveness yielded mixed results. Technology was predominantly applied in the delivery, mostly through smartphone apps or multimedia online programmes that were intended as stand-alone treatments. Highlighted benefits of the implementation of technology were personalization, improved effectiveness through activated schemata, enhanced user experience, and the possibility to adjust for cognitive deficits. While the implementation of technology seems highly feasible, further research is needed to identify the conditions under which interventions obtain clinical effects. The utilization of technology in the measurement process could enable more valid measurement tools than the ones currently being applied and enable measuring actual intervention effects in daily life.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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