University of Twente Student Theses


Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Treatment for Insomnia And Insomnia Symptoms - A Systematic Literature Review

Greif, Luisa (2023) Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Treatment for Insomnia And Insomnia Symptoms - A Systematic Literature Review.

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Abstract:CBT-I is currently the standard treatment for people suffering from insomnia but up to 25 % patients do not respond to the treatment or only experience partial symptom relief (Shallcross et al., 2019). Following from this, more research is needed into ways in which insomnia patients can receive treatment, which is complementary to cognitive behaviour therapy and not pharmacological in nature. Mindfulness-based-stress-reduction (MBSR) treatment “incorporates various types of meditation techniques and Hatha yoga postures” (Lamothe et al., 2016). This systematic review aimed to answer the research question of how effective MBSR treatments for insomnia and insomnia symptoms are, and what role attitudes towards this form of treatment play. We selected 11 studies based on our search through the databases Scopus, PubMed and Web of Science. We included randomised controlled trials investigating the effects of MBSR on sleep quality. Sample sizes within studies varied between 28 and 336 participants. Studies compared the MBSR treatment to waitlist, treatment as usual, CBT-I, acupuncture, athletic exercise, pharmacological and self-monitoring control conditions. In at least one sleep parameter, all of the 11 studies showed a significant difference in favour of the MBSR condition. The quality assessment of the 11 selected studies revealed a high probability for biases among the studies, especially detection and attrition biases. A strength of this systematic review was the strict eligibility criteria, and the main limitation was the high amount of possible bias. In conclusion, MBSR treatment for insomnia and insomnia symptoms seems to be a valuable addition to more traditional forms of treatment for insomnia.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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