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Community land registers for Internally Displaced Persons in South Darfur, Sudan: ICT solution

Hemoudi, Ahmed Babiker Mohamed (2023) Community land registers for Internally Displaced Persons in South Darfur, Sudan: ICT solution.

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Abstract:In many countries, the land administration system is ineffective when it lacks innovative solutions to register all land rights, including the different customary land rights. Nevertheless, it is believed that the proper role of the land administration system is to guarantee the security of tenure and dispute resolution mechanisms to provide land access. In South Darfur, Sudan, it is claimed that the customary tenure system is most affected by the poor land administration system because there is no recognition of its different land rights among all Sudanese Land Acts. Additionally, land professionals believe that the country has unofficially two land registration systems, the national land registration system that the government administrates, and the Native Administration System that tribal leaders manage in the customary land as a social council. This social institution’s main role is to manage land, make justice, and improve social interaction. However, it is believed that only 1% of the customary land in the whole Darfur region is registered, and the remaining is governed by tribes. In addition, Darfur’s region has experienced armed conflict since 2003 precisely in South Darfur, which has displaced many vulnerable groups. Therefore, communities in Nyala, South Darfur, have received many Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) from other states, such as western Darfur, and returning IDPs. In continuation, the Native Administration System lacks innovative land registration technologies because it has a paper-based system and Araf to manage the customary land and address the land tenure relation of IDPs. It plays a crucial role as a social institution to acknowledge the returning IDPs with their Housh connection (extended family house). Another significant issue is the lack of maps, historical maps records, and better land management and recordation system for the community. It has been necessary to come up with technical solutions that better improve the Native Administration System's main work. This research distinguished an ICT solution for the community land register for Internally Displaced Persons in South Darfur. The information system requirements were identified after assessing the Native Administration system’s main functions, main actors, practices, and processes in addressing the land claim of returning IDPs and the Juddiya’s primary work as a local land resolution mechanism. Fieldwork, interviews, and a literature review were used to conduct this research. Moreover, the identification of the suggested ICT solution for the Native Administration System was guided by the spatial and legal framework of the fit-for-purpose land administration (FFPLA) approach. Some selected land administration tools (LA) were analysed and distinguished the alignment with the identified functional and non-functional requirements of the Native Administration system. Furthermore, the capacity of the Native Administration System was considered in analysing and determining which LA tool (s) has been experimented with in similar contexts and met the information system requirement. Based on the findings of this research, the combination of SmartSkeMa, the Field Survey App, and UAVs was found to be the best ICT solution for the requirements and the capacity of the Native Administration System in addressing the land relation of returning IDPs. SmartSkeMa shows the ability to capture different customary land use rights and the social land use restrictions that govern them through participatory hand-drawn sketches. The Field Survey App was also investigated through the analysis, and it was discovered that it could help the community collect non-spatial information about the land conflict between returning IDPs and the host community in South Darfur. The UAVs were found to be used as a supporting tool to provide affordable and updated high-resolution images, especially for advocating high sensitive land disputes within the tribal Dar. Further research is suggested in the implementation of these LA tools as the community land registers in South Darfur. Keywords: Community land, IDPs, the Native Administration System, Community’s capacity, Post conflict situation in land administration, Social norms and Aaraf, Local land conflict resolution mechanism, ICT solution
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Subject:02 science and culture in general, 70 social sciences in general
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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