University of Twente Student Theses


Vaccination Concerns during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Germany : Topic Modelling of Interviews

Kartaun, E. (2023) Vaccination Concerns during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Germany : Topic Modelling of Interviews.

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Abstract:From the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in April 2020, vaccinations were considered essential to reduce morbidity and mortality in the population. However, the vaccination willingness in the German population fluctuated with people being in favour, being hesitant and others being opposed to getting the COVID-19 vaccination. To be able to understand varying vaccination willingness in Germany and how it changed over time, this study explored the attitudes and concerns towards COVID-19 vaccinations of forty German citizens with differing levels of vaccination willingness pre-vaccination start. A mixed-method approach was utilized that combined qualitative longitudinal research with a LDA topic model analysis. Through the topic model analysis, 42 topics over three timepoints (December 2020, April 2021 and September 2021) in three groups (Pro vaccination/Contra vaccination/Undecided) were produced that reflect COVID-19 vaccine-specific concerns and attitudes. Interesting patterns in these topics were revealed which show that each of the three groups had a unique trajectory through the pandemic. Future research could further investigate why hesitant people decide in favour of vaccination due to social pressure while opposing people become even stronger in their rejection and how public health interventions could manage this tension.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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