University of Twente Student Theses


Fit Dynamics in Recruitment : Recruiter Perspectives on Person-Job, Person-Organization, and Person-Recruiter Fit

Veltkamp, N.C.M. (2023) Fit Dynamics in Recruitment : Recruiter Perspectives on Person-Job, Person-Organization, and Person-Recruiter Fit.

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Abstract:Objectives – This study aims to expand the examination of Person-Recruiter (P-R) fit alongside Person-Organization (P-O) and Person-Job (P-J) fit, exploring their significance and the interplay navigated by recruiters. Doing so enhances our knowledge of P-R fit while critiquing the predominant focus on P-J and P-O fit. By unravelling these dynamics, the study aims to uncover recruiters’ perspectives in evaluating candidates and to provide a nuanced understanding of their considerations, thereby highlighting their valuable insights into recruitment studies. Method – This exploratory study employed qualitative methods to investigate recruiters’ perspectives on P-J, P-O, and P-R fit during the selection phase. Participants selected through purposive sampling were interviewed until theoretical saturation, resulting in 19 interviews. These respondents, with varied backgrounds and an average of 5.5 years of experience, were from medium to large enterprises in the Netherlands. The chosen semi-structured interview approach facilitated in-depth insights covering demographic information and open-ended questions on fit concepts. Findings – The findings from this study revealed the nuanced considerations and interactions of P-J, P-O, and P-R fit. Some recruiters perceive P-J fit as a simplified checklist, leading to swift rejections based on perceived stringent criteria. The rapid evaluation in the initial phase suggests that P-J fit may not be intricately linked to a candidate’s potential success in the workplace, indicating a tension between P-J fit and its current evaluation. Furthermore, the staff shortage and substantial number of unfilled vacancies in the Netherlands is leading to reconsideration of selection criteria to align with the changing challenges of the job market. Additionally, influenced by applicants’ attitudes, expectations, and the current candidate-driven job market, this research underlines shifting power dynamics between candidates and recruiters, resulting in enhanced popularity of traineeships for junior candidates, emphasizing coachability and learnability. Conclusion - The research underscored that recruiters initially focus on aligning candidates’ skills with job requirements, but during interviews, attention shifts towards P-O fit. Coachability and adaptability are gaining significance, particularly in traineeships, while also signaling a shift in power dynamics between the recruiter and applicant within the recruitment process. The study advocates for continued exploration of P-R fit dynamics and the evolving criteria for recruitment in today’s candidate-driven job market.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies, 70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology, 85 business administration, organizational science
Programme:Communication Studies MSc (60713)
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