University of Twente Student Theses


Exploring the Influence of Theory of Mind Variability on Gaze Leading and Return to Face Onset Times

Lentjes, T.R.J. (2024) Exploring the Influence of Theory of Mind Variability on Gaze Leading and Return to Face Onset Times.

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Abstract:Previous research has established a clear link between establishing joint attention through gaze leading and return-to-face saccade onset times. This return gaze typically slows down toward agents who attend to a non-selected object relative towards agents who do frequently follow the gaze of the participant. However, the role of the agents’ individual predispositions (i.e. whether they typically respond with joint attention) in this process is still unclear. The current study explored whether individual differences in the Theory of Mind ability have a moderating effect on sensitivity to gaze leading and the consequent return to face saccade. Additionally, the Uncanny Valley Effect was incorporated to assess the effect of differences in human likeness on return-to-face onset times. The study consisted of an experimental part with a mixed factorial design. Participants completed an object selection task, being presented with 6 different faces ranging from robot to uncanny to human-like. Subsequently, participants were presented with the Godspeed, AQ-10 and MASC (selected items) questionnaires. The study failed to replicate the previously established link between joint attention, gaze leading and return to saccade onset times. The study’s results suggest that more research into replicability is necessary to better understand the aforementioned relationships.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
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