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Personality, sensation seeking and holiday preference

Zumdick, W. (2007) Personality, sensation seeking and holiday preference.

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Abstract:The objective of this study was to analyse the correlations between Personality (Neuroticism and Conscientiousness of the Five Factor Model, measured with the IPIP), Sensation Seeking (measured with the BSSS by Hoyle et al., 2002), and Holiday Preferences (as suggested by Eachus, 2004: Beach, Adventurous, Cultural, and Indulgent Holidays). The three scales were combined and set online. 226 subjects invited by email filled in the survey. The correlations between Sensations Seeking and the Holiday Preferences allowed suggesting descriptions of the four different types of tourists. Only N5 Immoderation, Conscientiousness, C1 Self-Efficacy, C4 Achievement-Striving, and C6 Cautiousness were significantly correlated with Holiday Preferences. Furthermore is was found, that even if the total Neuroticism score did not correlate with Sensation Seeking and its subscales, the N-facets N1 Anxiety, N4 Self-Consciousness, at least when controlled for age, and N5 Immoderation did ell correlate significantly. The fact that the correlations were positive for N1 and N4, and negative for N5 explains why earlier studies did not find significant correlations for the total dimension of Neuroticism. Conscientiousness correlated negative with Sensation Seeking, which was reflected mainly in its subscales Thrill and Adventure Seeking, Disinhibition, and Boredom Susceptibility. Only C1 Self-Efficacy did not correlate significant with Sensation Seeking. The Five Factor Model is criticized for its claim of independence of the Big Five, which is questioned by several findings of this study.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/58943
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