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Controle op gemeenschappelijke regelingen door de gemeenteraad

Ritsema, Otto (2008) Controle op gemeenschappelijke regelingen door de gemeenteraad.

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Abstract:In the Dutch public administration, inter-communal cooperation or inter-council cooperation in the form of a joint arrangement with a public body, is a frequently used form of cooperation. Central to this form of cooperation is the characteristic of extended local governing, which implies that the administrative and political primacy lies within the local councils. In addition to the administrative commitment, the participating local councils bear financial responsibility. Deficits as result of the exploitation of the cooperation – by the organization carrying out the duties – will be compensated from the council’s budget. Therefore, to minimize administrative and financial risks, an adequate governing and controlling of the cooperation by the participating councils is necessary. The introduction of the law ‘Dualisering gemeentebestuur’ and the ‘Besluit Begroting en Verantwoording’ (BBV) has (had) an great influence on the local administration. The introduction of dualism has lead to an explicit distribution of tasks and competences between the community council on the one hand and the city council on the other. The introduction of the BBV with new regulations regarding accountability, has led to a more policy-like cycle of planning and control, expressing itself in formulating the basics of policy, management (i.e. directing the realization of an organization’s goals through, among other things, structuring the organization and developing processes), accountability and control. Besides this, the community council and city council have their own budget document on different levels of abstraction. The objective of this research is to describe the way in which the community council is controlling the cooperation, which possible problems the community council may experience and if it’s possible to improve ways of controlling. The scope of the research is limited to the execution of the law ‘Wet sociale werkvoorziening’ (Wsw) by the local or regional employment organization, a so called ‘werkvoorzieningschap’. Three of these organizations have been selected for the research. From each joint arrangement, several participating councils were selected from which some members of the community council and city council have been interviewed. Also an analysis of financial accountability documents and policy documents from the local or regional employment organizations as well as the participating councils has taken place. The legislative boundaries for this research are the law ‘Wet gemeenschappelijke regelingen (Wgr), the BBV en the law ‘Wet Dualisering gemeentebestuur’. The theoretical framework exists of two theories. The agency theory provides an insight for the community council how to regulate it’s way of governing an controlling the local or regional employment organization, in order to prevent or limit strategic behavior as a result of information asymmetry and goal incongruency. The theory of government governance is subject to research to attain insight in how to use the basics of policy, management and accountability as instruments for governing and controlling the joint arrangements. These two theories result in a normative framework. The research shows that with regard to the Wsw, the community council uses little of the policy budget document as a policy framework. The programs of the budget document contain little information on objectives regarding the regional employment organization. Also the paragraphs of the budget document contain little information about the contribution of the employment organization to the local policy and risks of the inter-communal cooperation. In controlling the relationship with the joint arrangement, the marginal role of the general committee is striking. Also the system of financing the organization is restricting the use of incentives. In the accountability, the general committee and community council receive enough informative for carrying out their controlling tasks. The main conclusion is not that the system of organizing the joint arrangement through a public body is restricting, but the way the community council uses the system and the instruments that are available.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration MSc (60020)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/59268
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