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Asylum policies in Europe: the transposition of the Return Directive 2008/115/EC in Germany, Italy and Sweden

Kracke, H. (2015) Asylum policies in Europe: the transposition of the Return Directive 2008/115/EC in Germany, Italy and Sweden.

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Abstract:The introduction of the Return Directive 2008/115/EC was the first directive of the European Union, which established common minimum standards on returning third country nationals to their country of origin. By transposing this directive, the process of Europeanization applies, as EU legislation is downloaded on the EU Member States. The consequences of Europeanization can result in policy convergence or, vice versa, divergence. In this respect, policy convergence is essential for the EU to respond with a common voice towards the rising numbers of asylum seekers and the protection of human rights of third country nationals. In order to see whether asylum policies present a trend towards policy convergence, the transposition of the Return Directive 2008/115/EC is compared to the national asylum legislations of Germany, Italy and Sweden. The time of investigation includes the period from 2008-2012. By means of that, the similarities and differences are evaluated. In this regard, it is concluded whether the transposition of asylum policies leads to policy convergence in these countries. The analysis reveals that Germany and Sweden present similar outcomes, while Italy shows the opposite. Thus, the process of Europeanization can be said to have partial impact on the policy convergence of asylum policies.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:86 law, 88 social and public administration, 89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/67646
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