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Institutional overlap in European security : profound cooperation or rhetoric in civilian missions? : the case of NATO and the EU

Leeuw, M. L. (2016) Institutional overlap in European security : profound cooperation or rhetoric in civilian missions? : the case of NATO and the EU.

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Abstract:The relation between the EU and NATO is under pressure, terms as ‘frozen conflict’, ‘beauty contest’ and ‘turf wars’ pointed to a critical understanding between the two. I argue that dissonance within both organizations, as both NATO and EU’s CSDP external matters are intergovernmental models; prevent enhanced cooperation from happening on formal level. Deadlocks and the dated and underused Berlin plus agreement as thread of the relation suggest that cooperative behaviour is constrained. There are consultations and discussions at bureaucratic level, but the willingness to adjust policies is abstinent and withholds compatibility. Informal contacts and ‘lunch meetings’ are becoming increasingly important but lack effective capacity. Cooperation on the ground happens primarily through coordination. Moreover, recognizing the strengths from each other causes an operational division of tasks in areas subject to civilian crisis. Are attempts made to adjust policies? Yes, but not sufficiently. Do actors’ policies become significantly more compatible? No. There are way too many bottlenecks preventing effective cooperation in civilian crisis management. Both IOs monitor the security environment and develop planning strategies independently from one another. Besides, classified security information is not shared between the two which can lead to duplication of security agenda’s. The relation should replace the ‘Berlin plus’ by other prime arrangements, that not solely prevents the ‘D’ of duplication, but also the ‘D’ of discrimination of non-EU NATO and non-NATO EU members. To prevent discrimination, informal meetings are necessary for tuning national interest and the role organizations have in their security policy, since member states remain in the driving seat.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general, 88 social and public administration, 89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69130
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