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Neurotechnology and dynamic flow : the influence of brain stimulation technologies and neurofeedback on the self and self-understanding

Molthof, Irene C. (2016) Neurotechnology and dynamic flow : the influence of brain stimulation technologies and neurofeedback on the self and self-understanding.

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Abstract:In recent years, several technologies have been brought on the market that have the ability to increase or decrease brain activity in specific areas of the brain. Among these are brain stimulation technologies such as deep brain stimulation (DBS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), but also neurofeedback training. In my research I focus on the self and self-understanding as potential aspects of consciousness that can be affected by neurotechnology. These are first determined and explored on a phenomenological level, followed by supporting contemporary empirical findings and neurophysiological explanations. The analysis shows that while neurotechnologies are already employed in clinical settings, much of the underlying neurological pathways are still unknown. On a phenomenological level, I exhibit how the self can be changed through influence on the various mechanisms that constitute the self. I suggest that it is important for practitioners to be aware of the effects of the information that is provided to subjects, and that these effects should also be included in the context of policy-making. I furthermore argue that it should be taken into account that on a societal level, neurofeedback and brain stimulation technologies can lead to a change in existing viewpoints towards the brain.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
Unknown organization, Netherlands
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:08 philosophy, 42 biology, 44 medicine, 70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology
Programme:Philosophy of Science, Technology and Society MSc (60024)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69633
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