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The role of visibility and number of bystanders to the experience of the bystander effect: consequences for victims

Kuijsten, N.C.M. (2016) The role of visibility and number of bystanders to the experience of the bystander effect: consequences for victims.

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Abstract:A great deal of research has been done on the perspective of a bystander and disregards the experience of the victim. More research is required into the experience of the victim, in order for possible first responders to be able to offer better help. The current research focuses on the effect of the bystander effect on its victims and whether the visibility of the incident plays a role. Four hypotheses were postulated. The first three were about the negative influence of the number of bystanders on the psychological consequences for victims and whether the just world theory and locus of control had a positive or negative influence on this. The last one was concerned with the effect of the visibility of the situation on the experience of shame for the victim and whether this was negatively influenced by the number of bystanders present. To test these expectations an experiment with four vignettes, representing different conditions, was executed. Overall the most striking result appeared to be that when numerous bystanders were present, participants felt their existence was less meaningful. Additionally, participants felt less excluded when the situation was less-visible situation compared to when the situation was visible.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/69928
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