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The effect of compassion-focused-therapy as guided self-help on well-being, self-criticism and compassion : results of a random controlled trial

Wenzel, F. (2016) The effect of compassion-focused-therapy as guided self-help on well-being, self-criticism and compassion : results of a random controlled trial.

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Abstract:Background. This study evaluated the effects a compassion focused therapy (CFT) intervention using a self-help book with the aid of email contact, had on well-being. In addition it looked at the influence changes in self-criticism had on the improvement of well-being. Method. Participants who were measured to be languishing or moderately mentally healthy by the Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF) were recruited and split randomly in a control (n=122) and an intervention group (n=121). Participants completed the MHC-SF to measure well-being, the Forms of Self-criticizing/Atacking and Self-reassuring Scale (FSCRS) to measure self-criticism and the Self-Compassion-Scales Short Form (SCS-SF) to measure compassion. Results. The participants in the intervention group significantly increased their well-being and compassion, while also reducing their levels of self-criticism. The effect size was small for the subscale of the hated self of the FSCRS (FSCRS-HS) and large for well-being. The effect size for the remaining scales and subscales was moderate. A mediation analysis showed that self-criticism had a partial mediation effect on the improvement of well-being. Conclusion. A CFT-based self-help book intervention with weekly email support can be effective for people with low to moderate levels of well-being.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/70730
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