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The Chicken or the Egg:Exploring Prediction Models for Dysfunctional Schemas, Mental Distress and Wellbeing by Backward Elimination

Sentis, J.C. (2016) The Chicken or the Egg:Exploring Prediction Models for Dysfunctional Schemas, Mental Distress and Wellbeing by Backward Elimination.

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Abstract:This study aims to explore various models in predicting dysfunctional schema domains, mental distress, and wellbeing. In today's’ health-care system, assumptions often are made throughout a clinical or personal recovery approach. Yet, it is unclear which is more precise in predicting mental health. Determining a precise model might indicate that revision of the health-care system is needed to optimize treatment plans. This study explores which predictors forge the most explaining prediction model. The current study is a quantitative naturalistic pre-post-study with two measurements taken 12 months apart. Men and women (aged 18-44) were subjected to clinical schema-focused group psychotherapy and filled in questionnaires. Correlational analyses and backward elimination determined two significant prediction models: a model explaining up to 8% of the variance in wellbeing (clinical recovery) and another model explaining up to 15% of the variance in symptoms (personal recovery). Common factors in both approaches are variables regarding social aspects, explaining 14%-35% of the variation in treatment outcomes. The model regarding the prediction of symptoms by wellbeing (personal recovery) is seen as more precise, because its predicting value is almost twice as high. Also, variables with social aspects should be further examined, because of the mutual impact in both models.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/71419
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