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The other side of the bystander effect : negative consequences for victims of public insult and attempt for redemption

Ristau, S. (2017) The other side of the bystander effect : negative consequences for victims of public insult and attempt for redemption.

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Abstract:The bystander effect is a famous phenomenon in social psychology but effect for victims of such bystander situations have not been studied broadly. This study tries to gain insight in this topic based on different theories, e.g. ostracism. Furthermore the effect of Importance of Social Image (ISI) was taken into account in the assessment of negative consequences for victims. An experiment, in which a victim was insulted by a perpetrator after failing a task, was conducted to assess blame, violation of fundamental needs, perception of safety and negative affect in a Bystander/No-Bystander and Apology/No-Apology condition. Results revealed that participants in the bystander condition ascribed more blame to the perpetrator. Moreover a trend was found concerning safety perception in the presence of bystanders. Additionally, it seems that people high in ISI feel more self-blame and more negative affect. However, no other significant effects were found. Notwithstanding this study has its implications. Nevertheless, it is, to our knowledge the first one that tries to reach beyond effects of victimization and takes effects of passivity of bystanders into account, as well as effects of an attempt for redemption in form of an apology offered by the perpetrator.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72651
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