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The Influence of Bystanders on Fraudulent Behavior in Pro-Social and Pro-Self Situations

Tisanovic, M. (2017) The Influence of Bystanders on Fraudulent Behavior in Pro-Social and Pro-Self Situations.

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Abstract:This study examines the effects of bystanders on fraudulent behavior in a 2x2 experimental design; bystanders could be present or absent; participants could earn money for themselves or a charity, based on their score. Participants performed on a visual cue search task and had the opportunity to lie about their score. The score on the constructs of the Dark Triad (Machiavellianism, narcissism and psychopathy) and the different conditions were taken as the independent variables, with fraudulent behavior as the dependent variable. It was expected that participants would not lie in the presence of bystanders (H1). However, when particpants scored high on Machiavellianism it was expected that they would lie when it regards an self-interested lie (H2a), while for a high score on narcissism it was expected that they would lie in the presence of bystanders and when it concerns an other-oriented lie (H2b), and with a high score on psychoticism (H2c) they would lie regarless of how many bystanders were present, as long as they could earn money for themselves. It was also expected that a high score on the Dark Triad would not result in as much shame and guilt (H3). No significant effects were found.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/72799
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