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Effects of A Self-Help Compassion Training on Well-Being : A Randomized Controlled Trial with Mediation Analyses of Self-Criticism, Self-Attacking and Gratitude

Zimmermann, M. (2017) Effects of A Self-Help Compassion Training on Well-Being : A Randomized Controlled Trial with Mediation Analyses of Self-Criticism, Self-Attacking and Gratitude.

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Abstract:Well-being has a protective function against psychopathology and leads to less sick leave which has advantages for the general population and the financial investment of the society in health treatments. Compassion Focused Therapy (CFT) could lead to greater well-being. Nevertheless, a gap in literature exists about the effects of CFT especially on well-being. This study attempted to investigate the effectiveness of a self-help compassion training in terms of improving well-being and the mediating role of self-criticism, self-attacking and gratitude. The data of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) was used, with an experimental group receiving the compassion training (N = 97) and a waitlist control condition (N = 101). Participants from the Dutch general population with low to moderate scores in well-being and low depression levels were included in the study. The Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF), Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) and Gratitude Questionnaire-Six item in Dutch (GQ-6-NL) were administered. Measurements took place at baseline (T0), three-months (T1) and six months (T2). Scores on the gratitude questionnaire were not reliable and excluded from the analysis. Analyses of repeated measures ANOVAs and mediation analyses supported that the self-help compassion training led to improvements in well-being and reductions in self-criticism and self-attacking between T0 and T1 and T0 and T2 compared to the waitlist control condition. The results further suggested that T0-T1 changes in self-criticism mediated the effect of the self-help compassion training on well-being. In contrast, changes in self-attacking did not mediate the effect of the self-help compassion training on well-being. The results indicated that using the compassion training once influences the participants positively on a longer term. To come to a conclusion, self-criticism seemed to be an important underlying process to achieve well-being. Furthermore, additional underlying processes of the effect of the self-help compassion training on well-being remain unclear and need to be explored in further research as well as the effectiveness of CFT for other target groups like clinical populations.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/73495
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