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Moderator effect of reading proficiency on science performance across 15-year-old boys and girls in the Netherlands, Finland, and Singapore

Zhang, Bo (2017) Moderator effect of reading proficiency on science performance across 15-year-old boys and girls in the Netherlands, Finland, and Singapore.

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Abstract:The major aim of the present study is to investigate students’ science self-efficacy and its relationship with science performance across 15-year-old boys and girls in the Netherlands, Finland and Singapore. On the other hand, whether and in what way students’ reading proficiency moderates the relationship between science self-efficacy and science performance was explored across boys and girls in the three countries Data analysis based on PISA 2015 dataset reveals a significant gender difference in science self-efficacy in favor of boys across the Netherlands, Finland and Singapore. In addition, Dutch girls demonstrate lower science self-efficacy than Finnish girls and Singaporean girls. Significant gender difference in science performance in favor of boys is demonstrated except Finland. Significant gender difference in reading performance in favor of girls is demonstrated across the three countries. A significant and positive relationship between science self-efficacy and science performance was found across 15-year-old boys and girls in the three countries. Moreover, moderator effect of reading proficiency is satisfied across boys and girls in the three countries. As reading proficiency increases, the relationship between science self-efficacy and science performance is strengthened across gender in the three countries.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/73677
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