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Acceptatie en commitment therapie bij eetstoornissen : een systematische review

Vernooij, G.M. (2017) Acceptatie en commitment therapie bij eetstoornissen : een systematische review.

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Abstract:Background: Eating disorders are exceptionally difficult to treat. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CGT) is the current treatment of choice for eating disorders. However, CGT still appears to be insufficiently effective. A growing body of research indicates that Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) may be an effective treatment for patients with eating disorders. At the moment, no review has been published that provides an overview of the current state of scientific research about ACT in eating disorders. Method: Three scientific databases, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science, were searched using keywords related to ‘eating disorders’ and ‘acceptance and commitment therapy’. This search resulted in 11 useful studies that met the inclusion criteria. Outcome measures used were eating disorder symptoms/weight, quality of life and ACT-related constructs. Results: The quality of research about ACT in eating disorders was low. ACT were used as individual or group therapy, with duration varying. Studies show decreases in eating disorder symptoms, increases in quality of life and positive results regarding ACT-related constructs. No statements can be made about the effectiveness of ACT per type of eating disorder. Studies show that ACT may be as effective as CGT. Discussion/conclusion: Overall, preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of ACT in eating disorders is found, although the quality and availability of the scientific research was low. Future research should focus on randomized controlled trials, reviewing ACT’s active mechanisms in eating disorders and research into the effects of ACT on different types of eating disorders. Keywords eating disorders, acceptance and commitment therapy, systematic review
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
1993, Nederland
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/73688
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