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Actions Towards Decarbonization - Climate Policy Assessment and Emissions Modelling with Case Study for South Africa

Zhang, Jing (2017) Actions Towards Decarbonization - Climate Policy Assessment and Emissions Modelling with Case Study for South Africa.

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Abstract:As a historic turning point in the fight for reducing global warming, the Paris Agreement has a central aim of keeping a global temperature rise by this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve the targets, governments need to convert their (I)NDCs into tangible mitigation policies. Assessing the potentials of different policies on emission reduction will be of great help for policy makers to design effective policies which are compatible with the goals of the Paris Agreement. In this research, a spreadsheet-based Excel tool is developed to track and predict overall and sectoral Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions of countries/regions. The tool is developed in a sectoral-level bottom-up methodology, which provides detailed information and increased transparency in every sector. It allows users to define different scenarios for emission projections. A case study for South Africa is conducted by applying the Excel tool. Three policy scenarios are constructed based on the policy assessment of two key sectors in South Africa, i.e., electricity generation and transport sectors. Emission projections under each scenario are also obtained and discussed. This work will contribute towards an improved understanding of decarbonisation trends and an improved transparency of policy assessments regarding to emission reduction.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:01 general works, 02 science and culture in general, 43 environmental science, 50 technical science in general, 70 social sciences in general, 74 (human) geography, cartography, town and country planning, demography
Programme:Sustainable Energy Technology MSc (60443)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/73714
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