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The Effect of Mental Health onto the Relationship of Pain Intensity and Pain Interference: A Moderation Analysis

Lennecke, C.U. (2017) The Effect of Mental Health onto the Relationship of Pain Intensity and Pain Interference: A Moderation Analysis.

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Abstract:The aim of this study was to determine the moderating effect of mental health on the relationship of pain intensity and pain interference in chronic pain sufferers. Therefore, a post-hoc moderation analysis of the randomized-control trial of Trompetter et al. (2014) was done with a convenience sample (N = 238) of individuals, suffering from chronic pain. The majority of the participants was age M = 57.72 (SD = 12.36), female (76.4%), had an intermediate level of education (68.8%), was married, lived together or in a registered partnership (74.3%), was not working (59.9%), had its complaints for more than five years (60.9%), suffered from daily complaints (92.8%), and had the diagnosis of fibromyalgia (20.3%). Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, a Pain Numeric Rating Scale, the subscale Pain Interference of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory, and the Mental Health Continuum – Short Form. The results indicated that pain intensity positively correlates with pain interference, while mental health negatively correlates with pain interference. Furthermore, pain intensity and mental health accounted for a statistically significant amount of variance in pain interference. Finally, no significant interaction effect between pain intensity and mental health was found, but the results indicated that pain intensity and mental health do affect pain interference. These results implicated that mental health has no moderating effect on the relationship of pain intensity and pain interference. Despite, mental health could rather directly affect pain interference.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/73747
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