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Burnout and Fatigue: A systematic review about the etiology, maintenance, and treatment

Ruppel, Justus (2017) Burnout and Fatigue: A systematic review about the etiology, maintenance, and treatment.

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Abstract:Burnout and fatigue are two concepts that are very similar to each other: they are both centred around the symptom of exhaustion. In addition, they also share the characteristic that both have a high prevalence and have a great impact on people’s life. Despite these similarities, not much is known about the relationship between them. Thus, the aim of this research was to systematically review the literature about the relation between fatigue and the etiology and maintenance of burnout, and the implementation of the treatment of fatigue in the treatment of burnout. To analyse these research questions, a systematic literature review was conducted. A study was included if it provided information about the relationship between fatigue and the etiology or maintenance of burnout or the implementation of a treatment-element that directly targeted fatigue in the treatment of burnout. In total, 17 articles were found that gave answers to at least one of the research questions. Firstly, it was found that fatigue is bi-directionally related to burnout with regard to their etiology. In addition, the same bi-directional relation was found with respect to their maintenance. Lastly, two studies were identified that included the treatment of fatigue in the treatment of burnout. With regard to etiology and maintenance, the bi-directional relationship between burnout and fatigue could be described as a ‘downward spiral’. Furthermore, it was concluded that the treatment of fatigue was scarcely implemented in the treatment of burnout and that the approaches that integrated the treatment of fatigue, are no common approaches for treating burnout. Because of the heavy impact of fatigue on burnout and the scarce integration of the treatment of fatigue in the (common) treatment of burnout, these results suggest to integrate the treatment of fatigue better. Therefore, several suggestions were made, as to which elements could be helpful in treating fatigue. Further research should analyse their effectivity.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/73769
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